CHINESE: [General] [Neo-Lith] [Bronze] [Han] [The Six] [Sui/Tang] [Song]
8000?yago ?-1700 200bce 220-579 589/617-907 960-1279
See also: [Art Periods]
[Flying Gallop] (prance image)
[General] (6000bce - 1279ce)
You are here --> [Neo-Lithic] (8000 years ago)
[Bronze Age] Xia/Shang/Zhou (?-1700-1100bce)
[Han] (200bce-220ce) (easy #'s)
[The 6 dynasties (220-579)
src (img and ff'g text):
Also note the following map from CUNY(L) -
The Neolithic period began in China about 12,000 B.C.
However, good evidence of Neolithic settlements exists
from only about 4,000 B.C. The Neolithic lasted until
about 2,000 B.C. It is defined by a spread of settled
agricultural communities, but hunting and gathering
was still practiced. The largest concentration of
agriculture was below the southern bend of the
Yellow River and millet was the main crop. The
geography of Neolithic China was different from
today. It was much wetter, with most of Northern
China being lakes and marshes and central China
covered in an enormous lake. The climate was warm
and moist, rather than the colder, arid China of
today. The mountains were well forested and there
was a variety of animals.
Silk production, for which China is famous, had
already been invented before this time period
began. The process began in Northern China. It
involved feeding the silkworms mulberry leaves,
helping them molt and spin their cocoons, and
finally, boiling the cocoons to produce the raw
silk. Pottery was also present during this time
period. The two main types, Painted Pottery and
Black Pottery, belong to the two distinct cultural
groups of the Neolithic, the Yangshao and the Lungshan.
These two types of pottery were not for everyday use,
rather, a plain course type of pottery was used that
varied between the colors gray, black, red, and white.
The dwellings of this time were in clusters that suggest
kinship was important. Clothing was made of hemp and the
main domesticated animals were pigs and dogs.
The Yangshao lived in the mountainous regions of
northern and western China in round or rectangular
houses that were below ground level and surrounded
by little walls of earth. They created Painted Pottery
that had geometric designs on it. The pottery was fired
at 1000-1500°C, but the potters wheel was not used.
Axes and arrowheads were made of polished stone and
other tools were made of stone chips. Millet was the
main crop of the Yangshao. They domesticated two main
animals, the dog and the pig, with the pig being the
The Lungshan lived on the plains of eastern China.
Their villages were similar to those of the Yangshao,
but evidence of stamped earth fortresses is found in
some sites. They created Black Pottery. This pottery
was of exceptional quality. It had a polished exterior,
was never painted, and is almost always without decoration.
This pottery may have been a direct predecessor to later
Chinese pottery, as the forms of the vessels are typical
of Chinese pottery. Firing bones for the purpose of
divination, which continued into the following dynasties,
also began during this time. The Lungshan began to bury
their dead facing downwards, which is how all bodies were
buried during the Bronze Age. They used bones for arrowheads
and small tools, but used polished stones for axes and sickles.
Their domesticated animals were the pig, dog, sheep, and ox.
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