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AEGEAN: [Cyclades] [Crete] [Minoan] [Mycenaean] See also: [Art Periods] [Greece] [Art History (index)] [TIME LINE] (brought to you by Acme Time Conveyor Products) [Cyclaedes]



Note that the island of Cyprus is on almost a straight line from the Cyclades (150 miles / 180 dm) to Rhodes and then about twice that distance on to Cyprus. Also from the Greek Museum of Cycladic Art: The Thanos N. Zintilis [collection] holds one of the largest private collection of Cypriot antiquities, second only to the one exhibited in the Metropolitan Museum of Arts, New York. A substantial part of this collection, amounting to more than 700 items until recently exhibited in the Allard Pierson Museum of Amsterdam, has been loaned to the Museum of Cycladic Art for a period of 25 years. The collection is being exhibited in the third floor of the Museum from 2004 onwards, and will be renewed periodically. The Zintilis Collection includes an impressive array of archaeological objects of varied material (stone, clay, glass, gold, silver, bronze) covering all periods of Cypriot history from Chalcolithic (4th millennium BC) to early Byzantine (5th c. AD). It represents the most complete assemblage of Cypriot antiquities currently available in a Greek museum. -[
Down loaded 2008.01.31 at 20:56 pct]- From that same page, text of the gif: Cruciform pendant of two super-imposed figureines, made of light-green picrolite. Height 7.5 cm. A rare exmaple of the double figure ine within pre-historic Cyprus. The out-stretched arms, the squating position and the backward tilted head suggest a moment of birth giving. Form the district of Pahos. Chalcolithic period (3500-2900 BCE). Catalot number Col No. 667.

The Cypriot Script

As the site sez: The island of Cyprus has been a focus of cross-cultural interaction for many millenia. Its name stems from the root as the English (as well as Latin and Greek) word 'copper'. However, Cyprus's ancient non-Greek, non-alphabetic inscriptions are of tremendous importance. While the earliest examples dating from as early as 1500 BCE cannot be read, comparisons clearly show that the Cypriot syllabary seemed to have derived from Linear A, and therefore is like a sibling to Linear B. For this reason, sometimes the script at this very early stage is called Cypro-Minoan, to distinguish it from the Cypriot script used for writing Greek after the 12th century BCE. According to tradition, Greek settlers colonized Cyprus around the 12th century BCE [1100cBCE], and they likely adopted the Cypro-Minoan script for their own use. Not surprisingly, the first readable text in the Cypriot script appeared in the 11th century BCE to write the name of the owner of a funerary object. Analysis of this name reveals both a known Greek name and archaic Greek declension patterns. The Cypriot script continued to serve mostly for short dedicatory and funerary texts, but there are instances of longer, historical texts during the 5th century BCE. -[
Downloaded 2008.01.31 at 8:53 pct]- From that site the following alphabet table appears: See the above web site for mor details. Primarily the alphabet is phonetic The site also points out that Cypriot and Greek existed co-inidentally. As it turns out the Cypriot script was instrumental in Sir Arthur Evans' attempts to decode Linear-B script. Note: The language reprented by these blinguals is the smae in the case of both scripts. [That is, the] Greek-A dialect of Green [written] in the Cypriot case. [An example of this is Urdu which is the Hindi language written in the Arabic script.] The historical reason for this, according to classicsts of Evans' day, was that Greek speakers fleeing the Trojan war had brought Greek to Cyprus. Since the sounds of the Greek alphabetic signs were known, the sounds of the Cyriot script could be deciphered and matched to their corresponding sings. But, the Cypriot script turne dout to be, not alphabetic, but *syllabic*, with 56 signs - and inconveinet way to represent Greek sounds; if manageable. The Cypriot syllabary is a so-called "open" syllabary, in which a sign stands not for a consant "C", but for a consonant with an inherant vowel, "Cv". [Note that] in a "closed" syllabary, a sign stands for a consonant, and an inherent vowel and terminating consonnt; viz: "Cvk" (C and k being the consonatns, and "v' being the vowel. ... According to Evans, Minoan-speaking people, possibly traders to begin with, must have settled in Cyprus, bringing their script with them from Crete. That was why, he siad, some of the Cypriot signs looked so similar to the Linar B sgins, despite being up to a thousand or so years yonger than Linar B. P. [Robinson, P. 81] REF: Robinson, Andrew (2002). Lost Languages. Nevraumont Publishing Company. ISBN not-given; LCCN not-given. -[]- (cypriot info page) -[]-

The Usual Suspects

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